Cricket Rules - The Ways of Getting Out
There are 10 ways of Getting Out
This is the most common way of getting out. A batter
is out caught when a fielder catches the ball directly off the bat,
before it has hit the ground. The ball doesn't have to come directly
off the bat though. It can deflect from the pad on to the bat or
from the bat on to the pad and still be caught, so long as the
fielder takes the ball on the full. Also if the ball hits the batter
on the hand, below the wrist, then you can still be out caught. But
you can't be given out caught off a no-ball. When a bowler takes a
catch off their own bowling, the batsman is out caught and bowled.
And when a wicketkeeper takes the catch the batter is out caught
behind. If the ball gets caught in a batter's pads and a fielder
removes it and attempts to claim a catch, the umpire should give the
batsman "not out" as the ball is a "dead ball".
As a batsman, it's your duty to protect these three
bits of wood stuck in the pitch. But if a bowler manages to get a
ball through and knock off the bails, the two bits of wood resting
at the top of the stumps, then the batsman is out "bowled". A
batsman is still out if they've accidentally deflected the ball onto
the stumps off their bat or pad. But you can't be bowled off a
The leg before wicket (lbw) law is to cricket what
the offside rule is to football - confusing to plenty! However, you
don't need a PHD from Oxford University to work it out. Here's the
Academy's guide to make things a little simpler.
The umpire will consider an lbw decision if:
He believes the ball would have hit the stumps if it had not been
obstructed by the batsman's pads. But the umpire also has to take
other factors into consideration.
The batsman cannot be given out if:
The ball must hit the batsmen in line with the stumps
• The ball pitches outside the line of leg stump,
regardless of whether or not the ball would have gone on to hit the
• The ball hits the bat before striking the pad
• The batsman is struck on the pad outside the line
of off stump having made a genuine attempt to hit the ball
• The bowler bowls a no ball
One of the most important rules when making an lbw
decision is a batsman CANNOT be given out if the ball pitches
outside leg stump. How does Hawk-eye work?
It doesn't matter if the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps,
it can't be given out. Often an lbw decision looks out at first
glance, but TV replays showed the ball pitched outside leg stump,
even though it would've struck middle.
But the batsman can be given out if:
• The batsman is struck on the pad in front of the
stumps and the ball pitched in line with the stumps
Playing no shot can be dangerous
• The batsman is struck on the pad outside the line
of off stump having not made an attempt to hit the ball
This is an important part of the lbw law to remember
as a batsman CAN be given out playing no stroke - even if they're
struck outside the line of the off stump - as long as the ball is
going on to hit the stumps. A batsman can still be given out lbw
even if the ball hasn't hit their pads. For example, a batsman can
be given out lbw if they've been hit on the helmet. But the ball
MUST have pitched in line with the stumps and then go on to hit
them. Hope this clears a few things up! Sign up for our newsletter.
You'll often see run-outs in one-day games - they
can happen at either end of the wicket. A run-out is when the
batters are going for a run or runs and but fall short of the
batting crease when the stumps are broken by the fielding team.
Run-outs are always difficult decisions for umpires to make because
it all happens so fast. That's why at the highest level the third
umpire, who can watch video replays, is often called on to make
those tight decisions.
If a batter comes down the wicket to smash the ball,
there's a chance they'll be stumped by the wicketkeeper. A stumping
happens when the keeper collects the ball and knocks off the bails
before the batter gets their bat or any part of their body grounded
behind the batting crease. Touching the batting crease with the bat
or heel of the foot isn't good enough to save the batter. They must
have something in contact with the ground behind the crease. You
can't be stumped off a no-ball, but you can be stumped if the ball
is called wide.
If a batter is worried the ball will roll back on to
the stumps after playing a shot, they can knock the ball away with
the bat, feet or pads. But if they use their hands they can be given
out handled the ball. Again this is another type of dismissal you
see rarely - but it does happen. England captain Michael Vaughan has
been dismissed this way. And former England captain Graham Gooch is
another who has been given his marching orders for handling the
ball. When a batter picks the ball up off the pitch to pass the ball
back to the fielding side though, this is fine.
This is something you rarely see in any sort of
cricket match. Because it's a not a good sporting gesture, it's very
rare that batters are ever timed out. But you need to know about the
law that says when a wicket falls, the next batter must be at the
crease to face the next ball within three minutes of the wicket
falling. Should this ever happen, no player on the fielding side is
given the credit for the dismissal.
This is another dismissal you rarely see in cricket.
But a batter can be given out hitting the ball twice if the second
strike is deliberate. The only exception that allows a batsman to
hit the ball on a second occasion is if they are protecting their
wicket (ie: stopping the ball from rolling back on to the stumps).
This dismissal happens when the batter knocks their
stumps while playing a shot or avoiding a delivery. This can be with
the bat or with the body, but the bowler gets the credit for the
The umpire can give a batsman out if he feels the
batter has got in the way of a fielder who is about to take a catch
or attempt a run-out on purpose. Again, this is a very uncommon type
of dismissal in cricket and you hardly ever see it given.